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Scorching temperatures, some tips on how to cope with this weather

It is predicted that the weather in the coming days will be engulfed by African heat with higher than normal temperatures. The temperature can exceed 40°, setting new records. An abnormal situation that requires excessive attention. In addition to the inconvenience caused by the increase in temperature, heat waves can be harmful to our health. “The most serious effects are 3,” explains Dr. Federico Furlan, internist of the “San Raffaele” Emergency Department for “Gazzetta dello Sport”. – Heatstroke, sunstroke and dehydration”.

Of the three, heatstroke is the most insidious. A severe form of overheating in which the body can no longer cool down and the brain also ends up being affected. It can be accompanied by symptoms such as confusion, fainting, and even seizures. Those who work or exercise outside in hot weather should be more careful.

Pregnancy and age are also risk factors, as are certain medications that make people susceptible to high temperatures. That’s why with heat advance you need to recognize the first signs of overheating, which precede heat stroke, so you can immediately correct what’s wrong with you.

Heat stroke, the first symptoms There are at least 5 symptoms that can predict a heat stroke. But they don’t necessarily happen all together or in any particular order. Weakness and fatigue? Yes, there is also heat exhaustion. A type of general discomfort that occurs before the onset of heat stroke. Fatigue and weakness are felt, although the body temperature is not yet out of control. A wake-up call that should not be underestimated, however. Excessive fatigue tells us that we are probably dehydrated and on the way to overheating.

What should be done? Drinking cool water or using a wet cloth on the skin helps speed up the body’s natural cooling process.
Feeling thirsty after spending time in the heat is a sure sign that the body needs more water. When we are overheated, we lose fluids through sweat, even without realizing it. So it is important to drink water, especially if we are working or exercising outside. According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, persistent dry mouth and changes in urination (less frequent and dark in color) may also indicate ongoing dehydration.

Extreme heat is often associated with flushed cheeks and sunburned skin, but the early stages of heat exhaustion can cause discoloration. Thus, people who are overheated may appear pale and clammy to the touch, a sign that the body is trying to cool itself by sweating. If, on the other hand, the skin is dry and red, it is likely that the body temperature rises and the sweating has not been able to cool us down. What should be done? Experts recommend spraying yourself with cold water or using a cold cloth in combination with a fan to cool down.

Headaches and dizziness warn us that the brain is starting to feel the effects of extreme heat. Both are signs of dehydration, so even in this case it is good to drink water. It also applies to those who do not have health problems. Anyone can become dehydrated and overheated in extreme heat, although the elderly are most at risk.

Heat strips us of salt and electrolytes through sweat. This, in addition to fatigue, can cause some annoying symptoms, such as dizziness and nausea. Not only that. Electrolytes fuel some of our body’s essential functions, and an imbalance can also cause cramps in the arms, legs or abdomen. Fortunately, heat cramps are quite rare in healthy people. But it’s something to watch out for especially when exercising in extreme heat.

HEAT STROKE, HOW TO PREVENT IT – Recommendations for preventing heat stroke are based on common sense. Dr. Furlan suggests: “Look for something refreshing, take a cool shower, avoid physical activity in the hottest hours, air the house. In short, against heat stroke we must implement a series of strategies that allow us to prevent the heat from becoming harmful.”

The one who does sports, how should he behave? “If you exercise outside, you should do it in the coolest hours: early morning or evening. Then drink enough water. And if you sweat a lot, turn to mineral salts, which the body loses with sweat.”

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